UK named storms

September 2015 saw the launch of a collaboration between the Met Office and Met Éireann to name wind storms forecast to impact the UK and the Republic of Ireland.

In the UK, a storm is named when it has potential to cause disruption or damage, and the Met Office may be forced to issue an amber or red warning for regions in the country. Red, amber, yellow or green weather warnings are based on guidance from the National Severe Weather Warning Service, which is a combination of both the impact the weather may have and the likelihood of those impacts happening. These impacts could mean the impacts from wind but also from rain and snow. Once the storm meets the criteria for being named, either Met Éireann or The Met Office will actually publicly name the storm, adhering to an agreed of named alphabetical list.

There were 11 named storms in the 2015-16 season beginning with Abigail in November 2015, running through to Katie by March 2016. The following year, there were just 5 named storms, with 10 in 2017-18. Storm Hector became the latest named storm in mid-June 2018!

Of these 54 storms to date, only 4 have recorded wind gusts over 50mph in Coventry, with storm Doris being the most severe on the 23 rd February 2017 with a maximum gust of 55mph; there were widespread train cancellations during the passing of Doris, with trees down in some parts of our region disrupting transport by road and rail. Doris remains the only one of 3 official ‘gale days’ in Coventry in any of the named storms, the others being storm Ciara in February 2019 and storm Eunice in February 2022.

Storm Ellen, one of the latest storms of the year on record, on 19 th August 2020 had the lowest recorded wind speed in any of our named storms at just 23mph, though it was wet with 13.0mm of rain falling locally. However, ex hurricane Lorenzo in October 2019 managed just a 22mph gust in a non-event for the UK. The wettest named storm was Alex in October 2020, during which 50.0mm of rain fell over 2 days. The latest named storm on the 25 th August 2020, the second on record that year in late summer, recorded the strongest August wind gust (42mph) since 1989, and 19.4mm of rain, with trees in full leaf falling widely in the region.

How about this for a storm naming controversy? On the 16th January 2018, the Irish Met Office named a tightening of the isobars on a synoptic chart Storm Fionn, with no actual depression in sight! Although causing consternation in southern coastal fringes of Eire, there was no significant impact over the UK, or even in norther parts of Ireland. 24 hours later, a rapidly approaching depression went through explosive cyclogenesis as it neared the British Isles, but without being named, dubbed in social media as “the storm with no name”! Needless to say it caused devastation in the Midlands and SE England with power lines down, rooves ripped off houses, trees down and schools closed, plus all manner of minor local damage to fences and properties. The storm that wasn't Storm Fionn, but should have been, and was equally not Storm Georgina, but was Storm David in France and then called Storm Frederike in Germany. What a mess!

Although only gusting to 51mph on the 9th February 2020, Storm Ciara was a powerful deep depression, with an average 24hr wind speed of 17.6mph, making this the windiest day in Coventry since February 1997. A week later, Storm Dennis recorded 27.8mm of rain over 2 days, the highest storm total since storms have been named.

Storm Arwin on the 27th November 2021 was the first of our named storms to be accompanied by snow falling in Coventry; it was also renowned for its bitterly cold NNW wind, an unusual direction in a UK storm.

Overall, it must be concluded that named storms have had a minimal impact locally, with the average maximum wind gust amongst the 54 named storms just 39mph, barely gale force according to the Beaufort Scale. Average rainfall during the passage of these storms in Coventry is just 9.7mm.

Whilst it is recognised that regionalised weather warnings are essential for public safety in the UK, it does seem as if the naming of storms UK-wide in recent years has plunged the country into a state of panic, with outdoor events cancelled, often days ahead, just from the threat of storm damage, rather than taking local conditions into consideration. Of course, Health & Safety concerns are of paramount importance as mid-Atlantic depressions reach our shores in autumn and winter, but some of the sensational headlines in the media, even in advance of storms being named, are irresponsible in the extreme. One is left to wonder sometimes, is the Daily Express, or the Met Office that name these storms?

Inevitably, at some time in the future, a named storm will be worthy of the name in our region, but this whole process of naming storms surely needs to be reviewed? 

2015-16 Date Max gust Rain
    mph mm
Abigail 12-13 Nov 33 2.2
Barney 17-18 Nov 50 9.2
Clodagh 29-Nov 40 4.4
Desmond 4-6 Dec 44 0.0
Eva 23-24 Dec 38 8.4
Frank 29-30 Dec 42 14.2
Gertrude 29-Jan 41 20.2
Henry 1-2 Feb 41 0.6
Imogen 08-Feb 38 3.2
Jake 1-4 Mar 38 17.0
Katie 25-28 Mar 38 27.6
Angus 19-20 Nov 28 25.2
Barbara 23-24 Dec 41 1.6
Conor 25-27 Dec 35 1.2
Doris 23-Feb 55 0.2
Ewan 26-Feb 35 0.0
Aileen 12-13 Sept 39 4.8
Ophelia 16-17 Oct 39 1.6
Brian 21-Oct 43 0.4
Caroline 07-Dec 30 2.4
Dylan 30-31 Dec 34 3.8
Eleanor 2-3 Jan 51 10.6
Fionn 16-Jan 34 0.2
no name 17-Jan 56 3.8
Georgina 24-Jan 43 7.8
Hector 13 14 June 33 0.4
Ali 19-Sep 45 12.0
Bronagh 20-Sep 38 11.0
Callum 12-13 Oct 37 16.6
Deirdre 15-Dec 32 10.4
Erik 8-9 Feb 41 13.6
Freya 3rd March 43 3.0
Gareth 12th March 37 11.8
Hannah 27th April 45 0.6
ex-Lorenzo 3-4 October 22 4.2
Atiyah 08-Dec 39 2.4
Brendan 13-Jan 37 8.4
Ciara 09-Feb 51 17.0
Dennis 15-16 Feb 43 27.8
Jorge 28-29 Feb 39 16.4
Ellen 19-Aug 23 13.0
Francis 25-Aug 42 19.4
Aiden 31-Oct 43 8.2
Bella 26-Dec 44 17.0
Christoph 19-20-Jan 36 26.8
Darcy 6-8 Feb 30 4.6
Evert 30-Jul 28 25.8
Arwin 27-Nov 43 5.2
Barra 8-9 Dec 44 5.8
Corrie 30-Jan 44 0.4
Dudley 16-Feb 43 4.6
Eunice 18-Feb 48 10.2
Franklin 20-21 Feb 49 12.6
Antoni 05-Aug 24 13.8
Betty 18-Aug 23 5.6
Agnes 27-Sep 33 0.6
Babet 18-20 Oct 30 62.4
Ciarnan 02-Nov 37 4.8
Debi 13-Nov 40 17.0
Elin 09-Dec 42 1.0
Fergus 10-Dec 38 9.0
Gerrit 27-Dec 41 8.4